HIV prevalence and the risk behaviors amongst MSM in Beijing, China
Background: China is facing an expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic in the population of men who have sex with men (MSM). This study is to determine prevalence of HIV infection, syphilis and risk behaviors in MSM population.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005 in Beijing amongst the men who reported having one or more male sex partners in the past year.
Results: Totally 250 MSM who congregated in gay bars, bathhouses, and other venues agreed to participate the study upon invitation. Four MSM (1.6%) were tested as positive for HIV-1 and 28 MSM (12%) as positive for syphilis. 67% (168) reported having had 6 or more male sexual partners. 52% (130) reported having had concurrent female sex partners. 12% (30) MSM reported having purchased prostitution, and 17% having served as prostitutes . Amongst 114 MSM with casual male sexual partners, 60% (68) have used condoms at each time of sexual engagement. Amongst 120 MSM who had regular male sexual partners, 33% (40) have done so. 46% (114) of the MSM reported having receptive anal sex with their causal male partners, of which 54% (61) used condoms at each time of anal intercourse . 35% (87) reported having receptive anal sex with their regular male partners, of which 34% used condoms at the same frequency . In the past six months, 17% (43) reported having female sexual partners, of which 14% used condom each time of sexual engagement . While the level of HIV/AIDS related knowledge is higher, a large proportion of the MSM perceived low vulnerability to HIV infection.
Conclusions: MSM in Beijing are at high risk for HIV infection. And when infected, they have the potential to transmit the virus to their male and female sex partners. There is an urgent need to launch an AIDS/STDs prevention campaign in the MSM population in China.
AIDS 2006 - XVI International AIDS Conference
"H.Liu, et al.
HIV prevalence and the risk behaviors amongst MSM in Beijing, China.
AIDS 2006 - XVI International AIDS Conference: